Breast Cancer Screening (Mammogram)
Most people with an abnormal mammogram do not have breast cancer. More tests are needed after an abnormal mammogram to find out whether a person has cancer. These tests may include more mammography, breast ultrasound, breast magnetic resonance imaging and/or biopsies.
If you have an abnormal screening result, your Ontario Breast Screening Program location will notify your family doctor. Your family doctor can then guide you to additional testing.
If you have an abnormal mammogram and do not have a family doctor, your screening location cam help you find a doctor who will follow you to diagnosis. Or, you can call Cancer Care Ontario toll-free at 1-866-662-9233 from Monday to Friday, 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. to talk about next steps. They can help put you in touch with a doctor who can guide you to additional testing.
If you are diagnosed with breast cancer, you will be referred to a specialist for further care and management.
Cervical Cancer Screening (PAP Test)
An abnormal PAP Test result means that the cells taken from your cervix look different under the microscope than normal cells. Cell changes found through PAP Tests are very rarely cancer, but do require follow-up testing. Cancer of the cervix may take a long time to develop, and there are usually no early warning signs or symptoms. Regular PAP testing can find most abnormal cells in the cervix before they turn into cancer.
Your doctor will contact you if you have an abnormal test result. The Ontario Cervical Screening Program will also send you a letter telling you whether your test result is normal, abnormal or unsatisfactory, and provide you with next steps.
Colorectal Cancer Screening (FIT Test)
Most people with an abnormal FIT Test do not have colorectal cancer or pre-cancerous polyps. More tests are needed after an abnormal FIT Test to find out whether a person has cancer. It is recommended to get a colonoscopy if you receive abnormal FIT Test results.
Your family doctor can arrange a colonoscopy for further testing. If you do not have a family doctor, call Cancer Care Ontario toll-free at 1-866-662-9233 from Monday to Friday, 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. to talk about next steps. They can help put you in touch with a doctor who can guide you to additional testing.
ColonCancerCheck, Ontario’s colorectal cancer screening program, recommends that you have a colonoscopy within 8 weeks of an abnormal FIT result.